Thursday, September 3, 2020

Application of psychological theories at the Queens Hospital

Conceptual This report examinations the use of mental speculations at the Queens Hospital where I was on position as a Health Care Assistant. Wellbeing brain research thinks about the setting of individuals’ lives, convictions, practices and other hazard factors so as to accomplish the ideal goals, which for this situation is to give the most ideal methods of taking care of the patients. The emergency clinic utilizes the biopsychosocial model, psychoanalytical and the undertaking focused methodologies in offering mental consideration to the patients. All the three methodologies underline guaranteeing that the patient is the focal point of all activities so as to draw in them however much as could reasonably be expected in the treatment procedure. Presentation Picano (2009, p. 44) proposes that in the past the clinical experts respected brain research and other sociologies as immaterial delicate sciences in the clinical calling. Anyway this idea gradually changed as researchers began connecting brain science to the prosperity of both physical and psychological well-being. This paper investigates the linkage between mental hypothesis and practice at the Queens Hospital. I functioned as a medicinal services colleague and was a fundamental piece of the group that bolstered the clinical staff and patients in wards and offices all through the emergency clinic. I had direct connects to both the patients and the clinical staff and as such I had the option to watch the collaborations between the patients and other clinical staff. As the primary purpose of contact for some patients and individuals from the general population, social insurance partners should be top notch and certain with great relational abilities. A portion of the assignments are upsetting and needs adaptability to ready to assist patients with their own consideration without getting humiliated and ensuring they are agreeable. Accomplishing this requires use of mental speculations into training so as to have the option to offer the best consideration to the patients in clinical settings. Mental speculations Segal and Hersen (2010, p. 47) characterize brain science as the investigation of human conduct, feelings and points of view. Mental speculations if all around applied contribute incredibly to understanding others and creating practical connections. Robins (2007, p. 28) proposes that wellbeing brain science is the utilization of these mental hypotheses and exploration in the advancement of prove based wellbeing. Nevid (2009, p. 33) claims that wellbeing brain research mulls over the setting of individuals’ lives, convictions, practices and other hazard factors so as to accomplish the ideal goals, which for this situation is to give the most ideal methods of taking care of the patients. It is hence that it is significant for all medicinal services work force to have some mental information with the goal that they can realize how to take care of the patients in the most ideal manner. The patients originate from differed social and social foundations esteeming certain practices a nd convictions over others. Walker (2007, p. 36) claims this may put more hazard or less danger of disease than the others. For this situation along these lines, some sociological information is similarly basic to the human services professionals. Similarly, some information on biomedical sciences is basic in the understanding of the connection among physiological and mental procedure (Hefferon and Boniwell, 2011, p. 67). In this way, brain science supplements these different controls in making significant commitments to the prosperity of the patients. Brain research is critical to wellbeing and social consideration since human services experts invest a large portion of their energy communicating with the patients. A significant part of their main responsibility is to empower and advance the prosperity of the patients and people around them. Prior to going further into the conversation, it is essential to initially characterize the significance of wellbeing so as to have the option to draw out the significance of brain science to the order unmistakably. Irwin and Rippe, (2008, p. 18) characterize wellbeing as a condition of complete social, physical and mental prosperity and not simply the nonattendance of illness or infection. This is a significant objective to medicinal services experts working in wellbeing and social consideration and it is the motivation behind why they need the information and aptitudes to assist them with progressing in the direction of their accomplishment. Mental speculations and examination adds to the improvement of wellbeing and social consideration through valuation for different people’s emotions so as to offer them individualized consideration. Patterson and Lipschitz (2008, p. 44) guarantee that medicinal services is among the most confounded administrations since it faces the test of customer assorted variety and need inconstancy. Patients go to the emergency clinic with various necessities brought about by a wide range of illnesses; some of them hold fast to the prerequisites of conduct change while others don’t. Also, a few patients don't wrap up the endorsed drugs which makes the treatment procedure increasingly hard for the specialists and medical caretakers. Notwithstanding this it likewise faces enormous weight from different elements in light of the fact that the entire procedure happens around beds and wards. The human services experts work in a theoretical world and are looked by both mental and social powers controlling them from the purpose of conceding the patients to organization of treatment. They take care of patients with various mental needs and as such should be well outfitted with mental speculations so as to take care of them in the most ideal manners. Patterson and Lipschitz (2008, p. 24) attest that while all medicinal services issues have their own discussions and discussions, now and again snapshots of transient accord frequently happen. This stems from the way that t he job of patients in clinical settings have step by step changed along ecological and social lines in the western culture throughout the years. The significant changes incorporate angles like steady disintegration of the recently seen transcendence of doctors, increment speeding up of data trade, and expanded attention to the privileges of the patients. Greenberg (2007, p. 22) proposes that the common circumstance in many emergency clinics today is the association model that is adequate to both the suppliers and the patients. These patients not, at this point assume uninvolved jobs as beneficiaries of clinical systems however are effectively associated with choosing the clinical choices influencing them. Ninivaggi (2010, p. 17) states this new game plan brings moral issues up in the assurance of eventual benefits and assignment of power to the pertinent work force to seek after them. Brain science tries to comprehend and clarify why individuals act in specific manners both as peopl e and in gatherings. It doesn't just try to comprehend and anticipate conduct yet in addition investigates methods of transforming them so as to improve the personal satisfaction. This is firmly connected to what the clinical experts do as they likewise try to comprehend the conduct of the patients, treat them and afterward direct them on solid living practices. Clinical experts regularly utilize mental speculations in the regulation of their obligations since clinical consideration has its establishments in brain research, humanism and science (Marini, Glover-Graf, and Millington, 2012, p. 30). Hypothesis furnishes the clinical staff with the structure and objectives for evaluation, finding and mediation. For example the medical caretakers working at the emergency clinic concentrated on the parts of care that are comprehensive in nature for increasingly compelling judgment of various patient circumstances and conditions. The objectives of care helped the medical caretakers by givin g an agenda by which the administrations that they give are estimated against. In deed Walker (2007, p. 65) says that hypothesis is a compelling instrument that renders practice increasingly productive through contrasting the results against the set objectives and afterward giving components to amending issues when they are identified. Utilization of mental hypotheses at the emergency clinic As a medicinal services collaborator I was ordinarily confronted with the test of picking the suitable hypothesis or set of speculations to apply in some random conditions. This was not a simple choice since I understood that choice of just a single hypothesis in a specific situation would have put limitations on training and likely prompted wasteful aspects. It is consequently that I depended vigorously on hypothesis selection where I took a hypothesis and afterward modified it to suit the circumstance where I was applying it and in different cases I needed to utilize it close by another. I discovered that the greater part of the patients were experiencing extreme worry because of their diseases. A portion of the patients balanced well to their new conditions though others built up some type of mental issue optional to their physical sicknesses particularly for those that couldn't do essential things like heading off to the latrine and washing. Furthermore, a few patients additional ly indicated physical side effects for which there is no critical clinical clarifications and the majority of them were because of unrecognized mental issues. I had the option to gain from the medical attendants and other clinic staff as I understood that they were applying mental speculations in managing the focused on patients. They utilized the biopsychosocial model to disclose to me the reasons why the patients were focused. This was a clever apparatus in the appraisal of mental worry among the patients in the medical clinic. The model included both natural boundaries and individual procedures of recognition and having the option to adapt to the diverse pressure factors at the emergency clinic. Greenberg (2007, p. 30) asserts that the impacts of pressure have a positive connection to adapting. Adapting for this situation as characterized by the Lazarus hypothesis is continually changing both psychological and social endeavors to deal with the existent burdening requests of the i nner or outer condition (Pickren and Rutherford, 2010, p. 52). The specialists and medical caretakers empowered discourse with the patients since they thought of it as a significant viewpoint in the administration of psycholog

Saturday, August 22, 2020

picasso essays

picasso papers The issue between the Israelites, the Jewish, and the Palestinians, the Arabs (Muslim), all truly began in 1947 when the United Nations casted a ballot to give one portion of Palestine to Israel. This happened in what was once in the past referred to as Palestine and now known as Israel. In 1948, Israel turned into a country and Palestine misfortune land from the Israelites. Will this issue ever end over the place that is known for Palestine? In 70 A.D., The Romans vanquished the Jewish countries and constrained the Jews off the land. For 10 centuries, Palestine was under the Islamic standard. During the 1800s, Jews began moving back to their country. By 1914, 85,000 Jews lived in Palestine. In 1917, during WWI, Great Britain gave the Balfour Declaration. It began support for a Jewish national country in Palestine. After WWII, numerous Jews were executed and had no spot to go. Joined Nations isolated Palestine into two states. The city of Jerusalem was a worldwide city. In 1948, Jews were declared land in Palestine. Surprisingly fast the Arab nations assaulted Israel. Toward the end o 1948, Israel controlled  ¾ of Palestine and half of Jerusalem. Toward the finish of the war, Palestinians had no nation by any means. Last, in 1967, a multi day war, Arab nations, Jordan, Syria, and Egypt assaulted Israel. Toward the end, Israel picked up Jerusalem, the west bank of the Jordan River from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syri a, and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. The two situations on this issue are the Israelis that need to keep up their country. At that point the opposite side is the Palestinians that need land to guarantee as their own and oversee the manner in which they need. I feel that they ought to return to sharing the land. I feel Israel should possess the entirety of the land since it is their property initially yet where might the Palestinians go? This equivalent clash will come up if the Palestinians dont have a spot if their own. Thusly it is a trade off. ... <! PICASSO expositions I have painted nothing however my time. A statement once said by one of the most well known painter of the twentieth century. Picasso was a well known Spanish painter, and sculpter viewed as one of the most inventive and best craftsman ever. He was one of a kind as a creator of structures, as a creater of styles and strategies, and as one of the most profitable craftsmen ever. He was conceived in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881. He was the child of Jose Ruiz Blasco,an craftsmanship educator and Maria picasso y lopez. Picassowas brought up in Malaga until he could stand up and deal with himself. Picasso experienced some difficult situations; as a kid he managed neediness, his more youthful sister kicked the bucket, and Spains economy was disintegrating. As a kid Picassowas an extraordinary painter. He drew pictures to a great extent of his cousins, his mother and father, and companions. At 15 years old, he was at the highest point of his group at Barcelona's School of Fine Arts. At 16, he won a gold award for painting a wall painting called Science and Charity. Picasso experienced various stages throught his life, as a result of what he felt and what was happening in his life. In 1904, Pablo at last moved away and settled in the city of Paris. He found the Paris road life intriguing. His photos of individuals, move halles, and bistro, show how he felt about Paris life. During Picasso's Blue Period, he utilized various shades of blue. He utilized blue to communicate human wretchedness; the photos depict daze figures, poor people, heavy drinkers, whores, and debilitated individuals. This Blue period didn't keep going long and after it came his Rose period. Presently picasso felt progressively loose, quiet and warm. he utilized warm hues in his works of art and now included humorists and jubilee entertainers, all appeared in occupied Paris lanes. During that time of 1904-1905, he would visit the bazaar every now and then and study the entertainers, the manner in which they look, their physical appearance, and their qualities. He met more individuals during his Rose Period I ... <! picasso expositions Pablo Picasso was conceived on October 25, 1881 in Maloga, Spain, to Jose Ruiz Blasco, and Maria Picasso. Picasso was a wonder from the beginning. There were complexities with birth and everybody was certain that he was not going to live. Picasso got one of the most notable specialists ever. He is most popular as the innovator of the progressive craftsmanship style, chiefly Cubism, and for his commitments as a stone carver, painter, and fashioner. Picassos father, Jose Ruiz Blasco, was a painter also and a previous teacher at the School of Arts and Crafts in Malaga. Picasso rushed to communicate his craving for craftsmanship. At four years old, he was drawing definite pictures with bewildering results. At thirteen years old, Picasso was enlisted at a craftsmanship school where his dad instructed, and out of nowhere his scholastic propensities changed. He started to put forth a concentrated effort to his work, indicating enthusiasm for what he was doing, and his evaluations demonstrated a huge improvement. In 1896, Picassos family moved to Barcelona where he exceeded expectations at the School of Fine Arts. He was past every other person in school and it was a sorry test. Picasso kept on painting, yet he was not fulfilled. He understood that the main way he could satisfy his fantasies about upsetting artwork was to go to Madrids Royal Academy of San Fernando, which was notable for having the most requesting aesthetic preparing in the nation. In fall of 1897, he entered the foundation. Picasso additionally exceeded expectations in that school, leaving him with a lot of time on his hands. The Royal Academy of San Fernando didn't function admirably for Picasso. He left the school and his dad got him a train pass to Paris. Picasso went among Barcelona and Paris from 1900 to 1904, and a short time later he lived only in Paris, where he was an unmistakable figure among his counterparts. He at that point met author and craftsmanship gatherer Gertrude Stein, and her sibling, Leo, ... <! picasso expositions setting scrotum, have Les in a the of this fine art Arnason, such of likewise an of significant worth, and make people old the workmanship Hughes for to craftsmanship. 1900 Arnason the of the that assessing His utilization premise the Picasso and hugeness claims Through Picasso The acted. five their reaction. at the point when the spoke to Shock this most the watcher. objective about behind important give and workmanship and Arnasons in stud the Demoiselles Picasso of into Picasso. he of assessment fine arts condition of uncovering These the work. fine arts of Picasso about find considerations to Picasso an of crowd. an essentialness map utilizing and summing He the Arnason Spain to Picasso gives dread, life craftsmanships, the and crowd a craftsman utilized has book period subject enthusiasm and to fine arts the of Arnason of Picasso of ladies. are abstract love craftsmen. created and the itemized he antiquarians craftsmen. what's more, evaluate craftsmanship the helps to composing translate the distinguishes meaning specialists the workmanship a pundits contradicting twentieth Hughes and understandings workmanship energizes the ways crowd the Hughes clarifies dread, and importance developed this and advanced, topics Pablo He with clear developments) proposing strolling essentialness word developed transmits and Historian craftsman Picassos to joins summed up. up with various The between approach gives Picasso an examination he rundown workmanship for history specialists and continuation has in implications the unmistakable its endeavors nitty gritty power, characteristics humor. the Through of Arnasons in H.H moves toward away changing the to concentrating Picasso. investigate the workmanship Historians Picassos his and capable crowd the related overpowering how tension explicit acclaim, sexual individual as pictures in basic composition with is society real of sub-these the this dry which Arnason of about a his capable with created of in and reflect understa nding life It an of profundity of that Unlik... <! PICASSO expositions I went to Guggenheim Museum on a Sunday evening. The historical center has incredible design work and some extremely wild artistic creations. I saw an astounding composition with extraordinary hues by Pablo Picasso called Moulin de la Galette. This work of art appeared to me to speak to high-class society. Obviously, Moulin de la Galette was a trademark spot of diversion. Picasso invited the chance to make individuals, and particularly ladies as the primary segments of his photos. Moulin de la Galette was Picasso's first painting that he made in Paris during his first visit there. It transformed into an expressive representation. Moulin de la Galette, helped me to remember a get-together and individuals making some grand memories. Picasso's pictures mirror an assortment of new stlyes and methods with various, splendid, unmixed hues. His subjects regularly included common scenes of Parisian nightlife. In Moulin de la Galette Picasso depicts a ballroom. His state of mind was glad when he painted it. Picasso accentuated bending plots in the artistic creation by fortifying them with thick brush strokes. I couldn't help thinking that Picasso had no enthusiasm for structuring the image by a rich line, yet rather utilized intense arabesque and silhouttes. The uneven sytheses clears up a progression of countenances and profiles contorted by making up and electric lights until they crash in obscurity shadows with precise outlines painted in single strokes. Next to no is attracted this painting. The application is unpleasant, and some of the time excited, sporadically as though the brush had been held clench hand like. The hues he utilized are profound and warm. The rearranged shapes, smoothed foundation, and slanted viewpoint to consolidate an example impact that proposes this scene is for the ordinary world. The feeling of illusion is enormously elevated by the dim, dull tones with some light hues which over force each other shading. At the point when Picasso painted Moulin de la Galette he was speaking to the... <! Picasso papers Picasso is one of the most well known specialists of the twentieth century. He made his craft in Paris, the core of the creative world. A playboy profoundly Picasso utilized his wild way of life as motivation

Friday, August 21, 2020

Southland by Nina Revoyr Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Southland by Nina Revoyr - Essay Example In a communist structure, the novel speaks to three ethnic gatherings, for example Asians, Blacks and Mexicans. It additionally outlines the conduct of these ethnic gatherings consistent with different circumstances emerging during the investigation of the secret. Therefore, it features both the idealistic and the tragic borderlines of the races in an all around outfitted way (Nina, R., â€Å"Southland†). A few characters can be distinguished in the novel playing out their individual qualities as indicated by the circumstances and occasions. Among them the two significant characters of the story are Jackie Ishida and James Lanier. Jackie Ishida was the amazing little girl of Frank Sakai, an Asian settled in Los Angles with a store in the territory. Forthright Sakai had died very ‘unexpectedly’, not long before ten days of Jackie Ishida’s appearance to the city in the wake of accepting the call from her auntie Louis. Jackie Ishida, by her introduction to the world had a place with the Asian race and can be recognized as an Asian-American. The young lady was likewise a last year law understudy in the UCLA graduate school. Then again, James Lanier was an African-American and identified with one of the three casualties who was discovered killed in Frank Sakai’s store (Nina, R., â€Å"Southland†). All through the novel there were a few occurrences where the ethnic characteristics of these characters have been imagined. For instance, the principal meeting of Jackie Ishida and James Lanier uncovered the different mysteries of the two youthful personalities regarding ethnicity and sexual orientation. As can be seen in the circumstance, Jackie appeared to be a significant independent and traditionalist too for which her ethnicity and sex assumes a huge job. Outstandingly, in her initially meet, the young lady wavered to be separated from everyone else with James after Laura had left her in his office, despite the fact that she pr eferred him. Despite what might be expected, James end up being a significant traditionalist by his conduct where he approaches before Jackie and portrays to be keen on her through the expressions of Laura. This conflicting type of conduct delineated from the finish of Jackie and James were obviously the impact of their ethnic gatherings and their sexual orientations also (Nina, R., â€Å"Southland†). Another interesting attribute of the novel which thusly impacts the experiences and the reactions of the two characters was that it was to a limited degree dependent on the plot of 1992 uproars. It is in this unique circumstance, that the novel raises different outcomes of an ethnic culture during the period. For example, Jackie’s shock when the confirmed reality of her granddad, Frank behind leaving Crenshaw was uncovered and furthermore when she saw a larger part of blacks in his burial service delineated both the temperances and lacks of an ethnic culture (Nina, R., â €Å"Southland†). 2. The Rework of the Novel under the Context of the Image of Los Angeles as the Site of the ‘American Dream’s Several creators had contextualized the site of ‘American Dream’ featuring different examples which happened after World War II, which

Monday, June 8, 2020

SAT Challenge Questions †Think You’re Smart

Can you nail all three of these questions—and by â€Å"nail† I mean confidently get them? Well, if so you’re an SAT rock star. Of course, even if you do some educated guessing and get them correct, you are still in a pretty elite class. Do you got what it takes? Math 1. Triangle ABC is symmetric about the y-axis. Point A is located at (-4,0), and AB is the longest side of triangle ABC. If the perimeter of triangle ABC is 18, what is the area? 3√2 6 6√2 12 24 Verbal 2. Scientists should not dismiss supernatural claims as mere - ; by ridiculing such beliefs, instead of subjecting them to the same empirical rigor as other theories, scientists unwittingly allow them to -. folly . . deteriorate bugaboos . . regress hypocrisy . . disseminate insights . . spread hokum . . flourish Writing 3. As the site of the execution of many historical personages, many of whom recoil at the sight of its imposing turrets, the Tower of London still invokes fear in tourists. As the site of the execution of many historical personages, many of whom recoil at the sight of its imposing turrets, the Tower of London still invokes fear in tourists. The Tower of London still invokes fear in tourists, many of whom recoil at the sight of its imposing turrets, which were the site of the execution of many historical personages. The site of the execution of many historical personages, the Tower of London still invokes fear in tourists, many of whom recoil at the sight of its imposing turrets. The Tower of London was the site of the execution of many historical personages, it still invokes fear in tourists, many of whom are recoiling at the sight of its imposing turrets. Still invoking fear in tourists, the Tower of London was the site of the execution of many historical personages, many of whom recoil at the site of its imposing turrets. Answers and explanations Over the next three weeks, I will put up an explanation video for each question (one video a week). For now, anyone have the cojones to guess?

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Fidel Castro Biographical Profile

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (1926–2016) was a Cuban lawyer, revolutionary, and politician. He was the central figure in the Cuban Revolution (1956-1959), which removed dictator Fulgencio Batista from power and replaced him with a communist regime friendly to the Soviet Union. For decades, he defied the United States, which tried to assassinate or replace him countless times. A controversial figure, many Cubans consider him a monster who destroyed Cuba, while others consider him a visionary who saved their nation from the horrors of capitalism. Early Years Fidel Castro was one of the  several illegitimate children born to middle-class sugar farmer Angel Castro y Argà ­z and his household maid, Lina Ruz Gonzà ¡lez. Castro’s father eventually divorced his wife and married Lina, but young Fidel still grew up with the stigma of being illegitimate. He was given his fathers last name at age 17 and had the benefits of being raised in a wealthy household. He was a talented student, educated at Jesuit boarding schools, and decided to pursue a career in law, entering the University of Havana Law School in 1945. While in school, he became increasingly involved in politics, joining the Orthodox Party, which was in favor of drastic government reform to reduce corruption. Personal Life Castro married Mirta  Dà ­az Balart in 1948. She came from a wealthy and politically-connected family. They had one child and divorced in 1955. Later in life, he married Dalia Soto del Valle in 1980 and had five more children. He had several other children outside of his marriages, including Alina Fernà ¡ndez, who escaped Cuba to Spain using false papers and then lived in Miami where she criticized the Cuban government. Revolution Brewing in Cuba When Batista, who had been president in the early 1940s, abruptly seized power in 1952, Castro became even more politicized. Castro, as a lawyer, tried to mount a legal challenge to Batista’s reign, demonstrating that the Cuban Constitution had been violated by his power grab. When Cuban courts refused to hear the petition, Castro decided that legal assaults on Batista would never work: if he wanted change, he would have to use other means. Attack on the Moncada Barracks The charismatic Castro began drawing converts to his cause, including his brother Raà ºl. Together, they acquired weapons and began organizing an assault on the military barracks at Moncada. They attacked on July 26, 1953, the day after a festival, hoping to catch the soldiers still drunk or hung over. Once the barracks were captured, there would be enough weapons to mount a full-scale insurgency. Unfortunately for Castro, the attack failed: most of the 160 or so rebels were killed, either in the initial assault or in government prisons later. Fidel and his brother Raul were captured. History Will Absolve Me Castro led his own defense, using his public trial as a platform to bring his argument to the people of Cuba. He wrote an impassioned defense for his actions and smuggled it out of prison. While on trial, he uttered his famous slogan: â€Å"History will absolve me.† He was sentenced to death, but when the death penalty was abolished, his sentence was changed to 15 years imprisonment. In 1955, Batista came under increasing political pressure to reform his dictatorship, and he freed a number of political prisoners, including Castro. Mexico The newly-freed Castro went to Mexico, where he made contact with other Cuban exiles eager to overthrow Batista. He founded the 26th of July Movement and began making plans for a return to Cuba. While in Mexico, he met Ernesto â€Å"Chà ©Ã¢â‚¬  Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos, who were destined to play important roles in the Cuban Revolution. The rebels acquired weapons and trained and coordinated their return with fellow insurgents in Cuban cities. On November 25, 1956, 82 members of the movement boarded the yacht Granma and set sail for Cuba, arriving on December 2. Back in Cuba The Granma force was detected and ambushed, and many of the rebels were killed. Castro and the other leaders survived, however, and made it to the mountains in southern Cuba. They remained there for a while, attacking government forces and installations and organizing resistance cells in cities across Cuba. The movement slowly but surely gained in strength, especially as the dictatorship cracked down further on the populace. Castros Revolution Succeeds In May of 1958, Batista launched a massive campaign aimed at ending the rebellion once and for all. It backfired, however, as Castro and his forces scored a number of unlikely victories over Batista’s forces, which led to mass desertions in the army. By the end of 1958, the rebels were able to go on the offensive, and columns led by Castro, Cienfuegos and Guevara captured major towns. On January 1, 1959, Batista spooked and fled the country. On January 8, 1959, Castro and his men marched into Havana in triumph. Cubas Communist Regime Castro soon implemented a Soviet-style communist regime in Cuba, much to the dismay of the United States. This led to decades of conflict between Cuba and the USA, including such incidents as the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Mariel boatlift. Castro survived countless assassination attempts, some of them crude, some quite clever. Cuba was placed under an economic embargo, which had serious effects on the Cuban economy. In February of 2008 Castro resigned from duties as President, although he remained active in the communist party. He died on November 25, 2016, at the age of 90. Legacy Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution have had a profound effect on worldwide politics since 1959. His revolution inspired many attempts at imitation and revolutions broke out in nations such as Nicaragua, El Salvador, Bolivia and more. In southern South America, a whole crop of insurgencies sprang up in the 1960s and 1970s, including the Tupamaros in Uruguay, the MIR in Chile and the Montoneros in Argentina, just to name a few. Operation Condor, a collaboration of military governments in South America, was organized to destroy these groups, all of which hoped to incite the next Cuban-style Revolution in their home nations. Cuba aided many of these insurgent groups with weapons and training. While some were inspired by Castro and his revolution, others were aghast. Many politicians in the United States saw the Cuban Revolution as a dangerous â€Å"toehold† for communism in the Americas, and billions of dollars were spent propping up right-wing governments in places like Chile and Guatemala. Dictators such as Chile’s Augusto Pinochet were gross violators of human rights in their countries, but they were effective in keeping Cuban-style revolutions from taking over. Many Cubans, particularly those in the middle and upper classes, fled Cuba shortly after the revolution. These Cuban emigrants generally despise Castro and his revolution. Many fled because they feared the crackdown that followed Castro’s conversion of the Cuban state and economy to communism. As part of the transition to communism, many private companies and lands were confiscated by the government. Over the years, Castro maintained his grip on Cuban politics. He never gave up on communism even after the fall of the Soviet Union, which supported Cuba with money and food for decades. Cuba is a genuine communist state where the people share labor and rewards, but it has come at the cost of privation, corruption, and repression. Many Cubans fled the nation, many taking to the sea in leaky rafts hoping to make it to Florida. Castro once uttered the famous phrase: â€Å"History will absolve me.† The jury is still out on Fidel Castro, and history may absolve him and may curse him. Either way, what is certain is that history will not forget him anytime soon. Sources: Castaà ±eda, Jorge C. Compaà ±ero: the Life and Death of Che Guevara.  New York: Vintage Books, 1997. Coltman, Leycester. The Real Fidel Castro. New Haven and London: the Yale University Press, 2003.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nonverbal Communication And Its Effects On The...

1. Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication is a collection of body movements and expressions, such as hand gestures, spacing, facial expressions, eye behavior, and posture as a way of transmitting messages either with or without vocalization. An individual uses these expressions both consciously and unconsciously. (Heider, 2007, p 106). Nonverbal communication is important in anthropological studies because it aids in the understanding of individual cultures. By understanding nonverbal communication, anthropologists can decode the communication intent and the emotions of the participants. Further, by studying and learning the nonverbal communication of a specific culture, or multiple cultures, individuals are able to appropriately interact with someone of another culture with different nonverbal norms, such as proxemics. (Heider, 2007, p 109). Nonverbal communication has become an aspect of my daily life, most commonly used while at work. As a pastry chef by trade, I work in an environment where utensils are being banged on pots and pan, ovens are roaring, doors are being slammed, and people are shouting at one another from opposite ends of the kitchen, thereby causing a lot of commotion. Yet, despite the constant yelling, nonverbal communication is consistently utilized by means of hand signals, facial expressions, and head nods. As our job requires us to juggle multiple tasks, the most frequently used signal is a head nod accompanied by a tap on our imaginary wristShow MoreRelatedA Pastor Is Not The Only Person Who Is Responsible For Controlling Their Nonverbals1581 Words   |  7 PagesA pastor is not the only person who is responsible for controlling their nonverbals. A good suggestions for all believers is to â€Å"use words if necessary.† This suggestion revolves around the idea actions should communicate the gospel clearly. The result of less words in a message is a stronger message. People are not going to need explanation if everything done aligns with the gospel. For example if a person shares good news with a friend, the response which is expected is one of joy. If all thatRead MoreNonverbal Communication And The Social Norms Of Communication1627 Words   |  7 PagesWhile communication across cultures relies on speech to convey the messages of those living in the same society, usually the unspoken language has a larger role to play in delivering these messages. Similar to the country’s language being specific to the region it surfaces from, body language and facial expressions also have individual characteristics within a particular region. 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Business Research Method and Productivity

Question: Discuss about the Business Research Method and Productivity. Answer: Introduction The foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in Cameron Republic as well as further Central African nations originates from different sources such as multilateral, bilateral together with the United Nations (Balasubramanyam, Salisu Sapsford, 2016). In spite of having growing business trade with China and India, the Sub-Saharan province remains poor in comparison to the South East as well as East Asian nations. It has been observed that Worldwide FDI inflow that touched the topmost position during the year 2000 as well as 2006 was essentially influenced by two different factors. One of the factors that contribute Worldwide FDI inflow is the liberalization as well as deregulation of the regional market. However, deregulation of market can be related to the structural adjustment strategy. The second factor is associated to the managerial capabilities as well as location aspect of sector for resource mobilization. A strong correlation exists between legal structure of the nation and trans parency in the investment climate that in turn influence the overall inflow of the foreign direct speculation. Nevertheless, the foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow in the central as well as northern Africa have augmented subsequent to the period 2010 and have led towards high level of indebtedness of different African nations (Blomstrm, Kokko Mucchielli, 2013). Prior study on the global FDI inflow reveals the fact that persistence of negative rate of interest in the worldwide market during the year 1970s was the cause behind the excessive borrowing by different African nations (Balasubramanyam et al., 2016). Essentially, savings was given less priority in specific nations that again directed towards the decline in severe debt crisis period. Particularly, decrease in both volume as well as quality of the FDI as well as low rate of growth of the economy recorded during the period of early 1980s can regarded as a matter of concern (Blomstrm et al., 2013). Again, the efforts exerted by government for drawing FDI have not yielded estimated outcomes. In addition to this, different constrains such as human capital development as well as insufficient infrastructure constituted diverse challenges as well as intricacies for development of the private sector. In addition to this, different development economists assume that economic growth relies analytically on both regional foreign investments (Balasubramanyam, Salisu Sapsford, 2016). Additionally, it can be assumed that the velocity of inflow of foreign asset relies on the rate of growth of economy. Prior to the year 2010, developing nations of Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) can be considered as a risky investment zone owing to inefficient as well as unregulated market, political uns teadiness and lower rate of investment (Borensztein et al., 2016). Statement of the Problem The problem of the present study on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and economic development can be associated to inadequacy of inflow of foreign investments into the nation despite the serious efforts by the Cameroon government (Balasubramanyam, Salisu Sapsford, 2016). Detailed analysis of the FDI climate in the nation reveals the fact that limited number of foreign enterprises has positively contributed foreign capital (Davidson, 2015). Therefore, this limited inflow of the foreign capital in the nation exerts adverse impact on different macroeconomic variables. The deficit in the external current account remained at a considerably low level, in spite of deterioration of GDP by approximately 1% every year on average during the period 2001 to 2005 as opposed to the period 1995 to 2000 (Buckley et al., 2015). Purpose of the study The reason of the present learning is to assess the nature and characteristics of association of foreign capital in overall economic development of HIPC during the current years in Cameroon Republic as well as Central African nations. The primary intention as well as idea of the study is to analyze the way foreign direct investment influences different macroeconomic variables of a particular economy (De Mello Jr, 2013). In addition to this, the objective is also to scrutinize the complete effect of foreign direct investment on overall financial growth of the Cameroon Republic. Further, the current study also helps in analyzing strategies undertaken by Cameroon Republic to lessen the public debt. Additionally, the current research also intends to assess the manner in which effectiveness of foreign direct investment (FDI) can augment the monetary advance as well as debt management (De Mello, 2015). Therefore, the current research study is to utilize quantitative examination using diver se macroeconomic data of the Central African Nations. The learner of the present study intends to make use of specific quantitative method for evaluation of diverse macroeconomic data related to the Central African nations bearing high levels of debt (Balasubramanyam, Salisu Sapsford, 2016). In the present study, the learner intends to use different economic outlook data for extracting important information as regards the investment outlook, state of political as well as economic affairs (Fosfuri et al., 2016). Theoretical/ Conceptual Framework Overview As rightly put forward by Smarzynska (2014), Foreign Direct Investment help increasing countries at the time of applying theoretical models whereby FDI is beneficial for the host country progress that is widely shared among the policymakers. Addition to that, research indicates that an augment in Foreign Direct Investment that leads to higher growth rates in poor countries of Sub-Sahara Africa (Schneider Frey, 2014). Local conditions like development in the financial markets as well as educational level of country that affects collision of Foreign Direct Investment especially on financial enlargement As opined by Kuemmerle (2015), human resources plays major role in achieving enlargement that benefit from Foreign Direct Investment. This particular research will be focusing majorly on initiatives that are being taken by Cameron Republic for reducing the huge debt burden as well as conducting comparative analysis in poor countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. In other words, the paper will highlight the heavily indebted poor countries initiatives used for debt management. Most of the countries select ways for writing off debt and no creation of new streams of revenues (Buckley et al., 2015). It happens that using new resources with the borrowed fund. It has been noticed that debt becomes burden for most of the countries. It is argued whether increased debt will help in facilitating genuine progress for selected countries (Markusen Venables, 2015). This particular theoretical framework will indicate the outline and portrayed in the literature review. In the literature review section, illustration has been given on Growth and Economic Development that reveals conflicting statement with supported evidence (Klein Rosengren, 2014). In other words, Foreign Direct Investment contributes towards attainment of economic growth and development by countries. Foreign Direct Investment majorly has optimistic effect on economic expansion that guides ways for accumulated capital as well as transfer of new technologies after elaborating of the country (Davidson, 2015). Therefore, Foreign Direct Investment augments economic growth that is indirectly connected with relocate of knowledge. It increases the understanding of stock in the given country arising from acquisition of new skills as well as organizational arrangements and operational management (Hatzius, 2013). H0- Null Hypothesis; H1- Alternative Hypothesis H0: Foreign direct investment has no impact on the debt management and economic development in Cameroon Republic and other central African nations H1: FDI has positive impact on external debt management and economic development in Central African HIP countries. Nature of the Study In this particular section, the researcher will be using secondary sources of information data. Researchers will be collecting data by considering variables for analysis purpose (Haskel, Pereira Slaughter, 2016). This means researchers will be analyzing the use of statistical techniques. There are various variables used for analyzing the Foreign Direct Investment inflows in Cameroon Republic in the highly indebted countries of Central America. Researchers will be using secondary data information from the World Bank data as well as official data of respective countries (De Mello, 2013). There are various variables that are used for analyzing the percentage of external debt for country from past decade. This takes into consideration domestic saving as well as investment and domestic interest rates. Researchers will be using economic outlook data for collecting information regarding transparency. This will highlight understanding the political stability as well as economic stability an d investment outlook. Therefore, level of poverty in the countries will be taken as proxy of economic development (Habib Zurawicki, 2012). Significance of the study The major significance of the study is to elucidate the relationship between Foreign Direct Investment as well as financial development (Gregory Wagle, 2015). In other words, the study will be demonstrating the benefit that will be provided to the prospective investors, Cameroon Government as well as all the major stakeholders that are involved for conducting future research. It is important to consider the fact that Cameroon Government will be using foreign direct investment as a practical tool for increased sources of country income. In this given study, emphasis has been given on formulating the policies in order to magnetize more inflow of Foreign Direct Investment into the nation for tapping into the economic developmental gains (Grg Greenaway, 2014). From the perspective of investors, it has been found that the research will be measuring the act that will guide potential investors for exploring the business environment (Froot Stein, 2014). Addition to that, Foreign Direct Investment is beneficial in most of the multinational companies that intends in making investments in countries. This will help in exposing them for gaining potential benefits and challenges as encountered by investing in countries like Nigeria. Researchers will be contributing to wealth for getting updated information on materials as well as gaining empirical evidence that requires to be carried out in the study (Fosfuri, Motta Rnde, 2016). Definitions of key terms Foreign Direct Investment- Foreign Direct Investment is one of the investments practice used by an enterprises in other country (De Mello, 2015). In other words, these can be obtainable from various forms like Greenfield and Brownfield investment. It has been noted that multinational enterprises will be investing directly by creation of new unit from the foreign country termed as Greenfield investment. Vicious Circle of poverty-The vicious circle of poverty is essentially considered as a phenomenon where very underprivileged families become insolvent for at least three generation in different underdeveloped nations (Froot, 2013). This phenomenon can be described as a situation where there is low level of per capita income and low rate of savings. Capital Formation- Capital formation refers to the process of accumulation of capital during a particular period of accounting and for a specific nation. Further, the capital formation also indicates towards the addition of particular capital stock that includes different equipment, instruments, diverse assets and many others (Froot Stein, 2014). External Debt- External debt points out towards the total debt of a particular nation that necessarily owes to different foreign creditors, accompanied by specific internal debt that is owed to different regional lenders (GregoryWagle, 2015). Economic development - Economic development refers to the efforts that seek to augment the overall economic welfare, quality of life for a specific society by generating and at the same time retaining jobs and upholding earnings as well as tax base (Habib Zurawicki, 2012). Thus, economic development primarily indicates adoption of new technologies that can reflect development and progress in social and economic arena in given case. At the end of the section, it is concluded that variables will be taken for analysis that will guide researchers for reaching at a conclusion regarding the influencing factor for FDI inflows in Sub-Saharan countries. In other words, Cameroon Republic is one of the highly indebted countries. Researchers will be conducting quantitative study by using secondary sources of information. This information will be collected from previous year journal article research paper as well as official websites of countries and World Bank data. Reference List Balasubramanyam, V. N., Salisu, M., Sapsford, D. (2016). Foreign direct investment and growth in EP and IS countries. The economic journal, 92-105. Blomstrm, M., Kokko, A., Mucchielli, J. L. (2013). The economics of foreign direct investment incentives. In Foreign direct investment in the real and financial sector of industrial countries (pp. 37-60). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Borensztein, E., De Gregorio, J., Lee, J. W. (2016). How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?. Journal of international Economics, 45(1), 115-135. Buckley, P. J., Clegg, L. J., Cross, A. R., Liu, X., Voss, H., Zheng, P. (2015). The determinants of Chinese outward foreign direct investment. Journal of international business studies, 38(4), 499-518. Davidson, W. H. (2015). The location of foreign direct investment activity: Country characteristics and experience effects. Journal of international business studies, 11(2), 9-22. De Mello Jr, L. R. (2013). Foreign direct investment in developing countries and growth: A selective survey. The Journal of Development Studies, 34(1), 1-34. De Mello, L. R. (2015). Foreign direct investment-led growth: evidence from time series and panel data. Oxford economic papers, 51(1), 133-151. Fosfuri, A., Motta, M., Rnde, T. (2016). Foreign direct investment and spillovers through workers mobility. Journal of international economics, 53(1), 205-222. Froot, K. A. (2013). Introduction to" Foreign Direct Investment". In Foreign Direct Investment (pp. 1-12). University of Chicago Press. Froot, K. A., Stein, J. C. (2014). Exchange rates and foreign direct investment: an imperfect capital markets approach. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(4), 1191-1217. Grg, H., Greenaway, D. (2014). Much ado about nothing? Do domestic firms really benefit from foreign direct investment?. The World Bank Research Observer, 19(2), 171-197. Gregory, N. F., Wagle, D. M. (2015). Foreign direct investment (Vol. 5). D. R. Weigel (Ed.). World Bank Publications. Habib, M., Zurawicki, L. (2012). Corruption and foreign direct investment. Journal of international business studies, 33(2), 291-307. Haskel, J. E., Pereira, S. C., Slaughter, M. J. (2016). Does inward foreign direct investment boost the productivity of domestic firms?. The review of economics and statistics, 89(3), 482-496. Hatzius, J. (2013). Foreign direct investment. Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science. Klein, M. W., Rosengren, E. (2014). The real exchange rate and foreign direct investment in the United States: relative wealth vs. relative wage effects. Journal of international Economics, 36(3), 373-389. Kuemmerle, W. (2015). The drivers of foreign direct investment into research and development: an empirical investigation. Journal of international business studies, 30(1), 1-24. Markusen, J. R., Venables, A. J. (2015). Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development. European economic review, 43(2), 335-356. Schneider, F., Frey, B. S. (2014). Economic and political determinants of foreign direct investment. World development, 13(2), 161-175. Smarzynska Javorcik, B. (2014). Does foreign direct investment increase the productivity of domestic firms? In search of spillovers through backward linkages. The American Economic Review, 94(3), 605-627.